My theme today has obviously been designed to go with today’s Indaba group work on our use of the Bible. This is an opportune time, as our Conference quickens its pace, to reflect on how we use scripture, not least how we Bishops use scripture as part of our vocation, as in the main theme of this Conference, to be ‘bishops in mission.'
Thursday, 31 July 2008
'Philosophy of the Cosmonomic Idea: Herman Dooyeweerd’s Political and Legal Thought' The Political Science Reviewer XXXII pp.318-380. [With permission of ThePolitical Science Reviewer, which can be accessed here]
If you unfamiliar with Skillen's work check out Bruce Wearne's annotated bibliography of Jim's work.
Jim is the is the president of the Center for Public Justice and is author of numerous books on politics.
Friday, 25 July 2008
- John Polkinghorne Can a Scientist Believe in a Destiny Beyond Death?
- Alvin Plantinga Science and Religion: Why Does the Debate Continue?
- Owen Gingerich The Divine Handiwork: Evolution and the Wonder of Life
- Richard Swinburne God and Morality
Wednesday, 23 July 2008
The cost is 100 rand .
Hendrik Gerhardus Stoker (1899-1993) was born in Johannesburg and taught at the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education from 1925 to 1970. He served on the board of the journal Philosophia Reformata; very little of his work has been published to date in English. During 1942-43 he was imprisoned for his anti-English and pro-German stance. In 1957 in 'The case for apartheid' he advocated separate universities for whites, coloureds and blacks.
Tuesday, 22 July 2008
Saturday, 19 July 2008
The Reformed Christian philosophy of Dooyeweerd and Vollenhofen was introduced at this time [late sixties and early seventies] from Holland, but it was not able to arouse more than a passing interest in most people because of its difficulty, and because of the lack of interest in philosophy both in Christian circles and in the country as a whole. It also seemed to some, myself included, to put philosophy above theology and thereby to avoid the necessity of going to the Bible first of all and last of all.
Friday, 18 July 2008
... is a book due out very soon edited by Quentin Schultze and Robert H Woods Jr (Inter Varsity Press, 2008).
There is also a website, replete with resources and information, to accompany the book here and a blog: Understanding evangelical media.
Quentin is professor of communication at Calvin College, and is involved in faithcrafting - providing help for Christians to write and publish good non-fiction.
Available in the UK from:
Eden and Wesley Owen don't seem to have it in stock yet.
Sunday, 13 July 2008
Ian Barbour Ethics in an Age of Technology (The Gifford lectures 1990-91) (London: SCM, 1992)
Examines the ethical challenges that technology confronts us with.
Andrew Basden Philosophical Frameworks for Understanding Information Systems (IGI Publishing, 2008)
Develops a Dooyeweerdian approach to information systems - essential reading!
Allen Emerson and Cheryl Forbes The Invasion of the Computer Culture (Leicester: IVP, 1990)
An examination of some of the key questions the computer culture has forced upon us. They also offer practical ways that computers can be used without being seduced by the bad. This should be required reading for all Christians who use computers!
Jacques Ellul Technological Society (London: Jonathon Cape, 1965)
A pessimistic view of technology. Sees technology as a product of the fall. An important work nonetheless.
Allan Jiggins Human Future: Living as Christians in a High-Tech World (London: Scripture Union, 1988)
A useful introductory book.
David Lyon The Silicon society (Tring: Lion, 1986)
An insightful Christian critique of the computer culture.
Albert Borgmann Power Failure: Christianity in the Culture of Technology. (Grand Rapids, MI: Brazos, 2003)
Church of England BSR Cybernauts Awake
Monsma, Stephen V (ed). Responsible Technology: A Christian Perspective. Eerdmans, 1986.
An indispensable book. If you only read one book on technology it should be this one!
Mitcham, Carl and Jim Grote, eds. Theology and Technology: Essays in Christian Analysis and Exegesis (New York: University Press of America, 1984)
Parker Rossman and Richard Kirby Christians and the World of Computers: Professional and Social Excellence in the Computer World (London: SCM, 1990)
A study book; each chapter comes with suggestions for study and reading.
David Pullinger Information Technology and Cyberspace: Extra-connected living. (London, Darton, Longman & Todd, 2001)
Carl Mitcham and Jim Groote (eds) Theology and Technology: Essays in Christian Analysis and Exegesis (Lanham: University Press of America, 1984)
Has an extensive annotated bibliography, as well as containing useful articles by Ellul and Schurmann among others.
Hendrick van Riessen The Society of the Future (Presbyterian and Reformed, no date)
- (1977, 1983) Reflections on the Technological Society. Toronto: Wedge Pub.
- (1980) Technology and the Future -- A Philosophical Challenge. Toronto: Wedge Pub
- (1990) The Future: Our Choice or Gods Gift? Exile Publications, Wellington, New Zealand.
- (1994, 1995) Perspectives on Technology and Culture. IRS Press, South Africa/ Dordt Press, USA.
- (1995) The Technological Culture between the Times -A Christian Philosophical Assessment of Contemporary Society. Dordt Press.
- (2000) Faith and Hope in Technology. Toronto, Canada, 2003.
- (2005) The Technological World Picture and an Ethics of Responsibility: Struggles in the Ethics of Technology. Dordt College Press.
Schuurman writes from a reformational perspective; his books are essential reading for all those who want to see what a Christian approach looks like.
Schultze, Quentin. Habits of the High-Tech Heart: Living Virtuously in the Information Age. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.
Chapters in booksEgbert Schuurman:
- (1984) A Christian Philosophical Perspective on Technology. In C. Mitcham and J. Grote (eds), Theology and Technology, New York: University Press of America, pp. 107- 123.
- (1987) The Modern Babylonian Culture. In P. Durbin (ed.) Technology and Responsibility. Dordrecht: Reidel, pp. 229-243
- (1992) Crisis in Agriculture: Philosophical Perspective on the relation between Agriculture and Nature. In F. Ferr (ed.) Research in Philosophy and Technology -- Technology and the Environment London: Jai Press, pp. 191-213;
Macht's Philosophy of technology website
A list of online technology articles
Society, Religion and Technology Project (Church of Scotland)
Faith, Science and Technology (Evangelical Lutheran Church in America)Science and Christian Faith: Technoculture and the Future (Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary)
A website in development by a Canadian pioneer in the relation of theology and information technology.
- 1999. On the ontological status of virtual environments
- 1999. A new framework for sustainability
- 2001. Beyond emancipation
- 2001. A philosophical underpinning for IT evaluation
- 2002.The critical theory of Herman Dooyeweerd?
- 2002. A Philosophical Underpinning For ISD
- 2003. with A. Trevor Wood-Harper A Philosophical Enrichment of CATWOE
- 2003.Enriching critical theory
- 2003.Levels of guidance
- 2004. Emancipation as if it mattered
- 2004. On Appealing to Philosophy in Information Systems
- 2005. Enriching humanist thought
- 2006. Information systems as a life-world
- 2007. 'Fresh light thrown on the Chinese room'
- 2007. A brief overview of Dooyeweerd's philosophy
- 2007. Frameworks for understanding IS and ICT
- 2008. Understanding everyday experience and use of facebook and games
Steve Bishop 'Towards a Christian approach to technology' Spectrum 23 (1991) 9-15
Steve Bishop 'The religious dimension of technology' RE Today 10 (3) 1993
David Lyon 'From Pacman to Homelink: Information technology and social ethics' Faith and Thought vol. 111 (1) (April 1985) 12-21
Paul Marshall 'Modern technology: idol or divine gift?' Evangelical Review of Theology vol. 10 (1986) 258-69
David Pullinger Information technology: the ethical task. Gospel and Culture Newsletter. 21 (2004)
David Pullinger The impact of information technology on human identity The Bible in Transmission Summer 2003
- (1979) Technology in a christian-philosophical perspective (ICS - republished in (1984))
- (1980) Futurology or eschatology Vanguard 10 (1): 8-11
- (1983) Information society: cultural impoverishment or enrichment
- (1993) Technicism and the dynamics of creation. Philosophia Reformata 58: 185-191.A confrontation with technicism as the spiritual climate of the West Westminster Theological Journal 58 (1): 64-84.
- (1997) Philosophical and technological problems of technicism and genetic engineeringPhilosophical and Ethical Problems of Genetic Engineering Techne, Electronic Journal of The society for Philosophy and Technology, vol.3, no. 1,1997.
- (2000) Beyond the empirical turn: responsible technology
- (2002) The ethics of technology: technological worldview, pictures, motives, values and normstechnology paper presented at Ecology, thology and Judeo-Christian ethics conference
- Technology, genetic maniplulation, and the future [excerpts from "The Future: Our Choice or God's Gift?"] Public Justice Reports
- (2005) The ethics of responsibility paper presented at IS2005 Ethics: Person, Practices and Society Conference
Steven H. VanderLeest Teaching Justice by Emphasizing the Non-neutrality of Technology JECB 10 (2) 2006:111-128
Quentin J. Schultze Faith, Education and Communication Technology JECB 8 (1) 2004: 9-21
Tuesday, 8 July 2008
All Men are Brothers? A Chilling Prospect
Anti-Americanism and Canadian Identity
Assigning Blame in History: The Case of the Holocaust
Birkerts and the Decline of Reading
Bless You: Reflections on Benevolance and Benedictions
Christianity and Visualism
Commemorating Schilder: Have We Learned Anything Yet?
Creation and Novelty
Difference, Modesty, and Sexuality
Farewell to the Rickshaw: Reflections on Autonomy and Automobiles
Giving God a Helping Hand -- and All the Glory, Too
He Who Has an Ear: Reflections on Lecturing to the Impaired
Hot Button Ethics: Reflections on Harassment, Imposition, and Autonomy
Insurance Insurance: A Cartesian Dilemma
Jobs, Jobs, Jobs
Just Say No: Reflections on a Referendum
Making Room for Ahimsa
Marriage as an Honorific Estate
Mission Accomplished? Some Dangers in Past-Participle Thinking
Narrative Reticence: The Case of Henry Stob
Never Say No: Reinventing Life from a Wheelchair
New Age Thinking and Worldview Attribution
Not Nobody: A Brand-Name Approach to Identity
Please Contact Myself
Pluralism in Education and Health Care: Are There Limits to Open Mindedness?
Protestantism and Progress
Punishment as Public Spectacle
Raw Facts and Wilted Knowledge: An Essay in Practical Epistemology
Redeemer's Charter Change: Why Did It Take So Long?
Taking and Giving Credit
The Inscrutable God and His Detailed Law
The Real Meaning of Kant
The Scoffer and the Believer: Toward a Christian Philosophy of Food Selection
The Truth about the Truth: Reflections on Denominational Exclusivism
There Shall be One Law
What My Hands Have Done: Reflections on Agency
Whatever Happened to Samizdat?
When the Robots Rule
Where Would We Be Without Punishment?
Who Cares? Am I My Brother's Keeper?
Why Dundas Matters
Will the Boys Become Men?
Monday, July 07, 2008
Professor and Chair of the Philosophy Department. Dr. Plantinga died peacefully at his home in Dundas on the evening of 4 July.
It is with deep sadness that Redeemer University College announces the death of Dr. Theodore Plantinga, Professor and Chair of the Philosophy Department. Dr. Plantinga died peacefully at his home in Dundas on the evening of July 4, 2008 . Visitation will be held in St. James Anglican Church from 6:30 – 8:30 Tuesday evening (137 Melville, Dundas), and a memorial service will be held there on Wednesday at 1 pm.
He will be greatly missed.
Sunday, 6 July 2008
William P. Young
Windblown Media, 2007
It’s perhaps something of an understatement to say that this book has caused something of a stir. For a book originally written for the author’s children, with no real intent to publish it further it has sold a lot of copies. On 6 July 2008 it was number 5 in amazon.com’s bestseller list. It hasn’t as yet made such an impact in the UK ranking ‘only’ 671st best selling book on amazon.co.uk. It isn’t available on the book depository site yet.
The story focuses, as Mark Driscoll puts it, on ‘Mack in the Shack’. Mack’s daughter is abducted and apparently cruelly killed in a shack. As a result Mack suffers from a great sadness. One day he receives a letter supposedly from God asking him to meet at the shack. The remainder of the book tells of Mack’s transformation on meeting God as Trinity. The Trinity is portrayed as three persons: ‘A large black woman’ called Papa, ‘A small, distinctively Asian woman’ whose voice sang; ‘this wiry-looking was maybe of person of northern Chinese or Nepalese or even Mongolian ethnicity. It was hard to tell because his eyes had to work to see her at all’ (p 85), and Jesus ,‘He appeared Middle eastern and was dressed like a laborer, complete with tool belt and gloves’ (p 84). It is this depiction of the Trinity that has caused such a theological stir and accusations of heresy.
Despite selling so well – or perhaps because of – there have been a number of objections to the theology lying behind it. One of the most vociferous is Mark Driscoll. Driscoll describes the book as being about the Trinity – it’s not; although the Trinity appears a lot. It is the story of a wounded person being transformed by the love of God as revealed through a trinity.
Driscoll has four main objections. In what follows I will make a 'knee-jerk' response to his points.
1. It makes a graven image of God
To show God the father as a human being is wrong – it is ‘graven imagery’. If this were the case then what about C S Lewis’s Narnia series, God/ Jesus is portrayed as a single lion, is that too a graven image. And what about the descriptions of God in the Bible? Isn’t Young doing the same as them? He hasn’t constructed some metal monster, or even a painted image does this mean that any art that depicts God is breaking this command?
2.It’s goddess worship – God appears as a black woman called ‘Papa’.
God reveals himself as a father, we should worship him as father claims Driscoll. But yet God does sometimes reveal himself in feminine terms: cf Is 49:15 and El Shaddai – the all sufficient one – shad is translated 24 times in the OT as breast, a mother’s breast is all sufficient for her children. Humans are also created in the image of God male and female.
There is some truth in this accusation – at times the Trinity is depicted in modalistic terms. Particularly the point where Papa reveals the nail scars on his/her hands. Young commenting on this say he had in mind 2 Cor 5:19. Though this is a misinterpretation of this scripture.
The view of the trinity in The Shack is more tri-theism (the idea that there are three separate Gods) than modalism.
4. The Trinity is in a circle of relationship
Driscoll is showing his theological colours here- he seems to accept the concept of subordination within the Trinity. Young does not as this quote shows:
Papa speaks: ‘Mackenzie, we have no concept of final authority among us, only unity. We are in a circle of relationship, not a chain of command or ‘great chain of being’ as your ancestors termed it. What you are seeing here is relationship without any overlay of power. We don’t need power over the other because we are always looking out for the best. Hierarchy would make no sense among us.’ (p 122)
Subordination is a doctrine that maintains that there is a hierarchy within the Trinity. It was popular among Platonist church fathers such as Origen, it fitted in with the great chain of being. Subordinationism is making a comeback among evangelicals in recent decades (eg in Grudem’s Systematic Theology). Primarily, I suspect to provide a basis for the complementarian model of the family. Not surprisingly complementarins are not happy with The Shack; egalitarians seem to like it, it is for sale at Christian for Biblical Equality site.
A rejection of subordination is not however heresy! See for example the work of Kevin Giles who maintains that subordination is a deviation from orthodoxy.
Most of the objections against The Shack I suspect would evaporate if basic hermeneutical principles were used. What type of literature is The Shack? It is certainly not a systematic theology or a monograph on the Trinity! It is a work of fiction, a novel. What is its primary focus? It is not to teach us about the Trinity, it is to show the love and grace of a triune God. I suspect that if 99% of all Christian were asked to describe how they understood God as Trinity they would fall into some error, be it modalism, tritheism, sabellianism, arianism or …. .
Since reading The Shack I have had more discussions with people about the Trinity than in the last decade! That can’t be a bad thing. Love it or hate it The Shack can’t be avoided – flawed as it is it can be the basis for excellent basis for theological discussion.
Further discussion can be found here
Mark Driscoll from You Tube
Al Mohler (against)
Tim Challies's review (against)
Regent College (moderate for)
Beholding him video review (part 2 here)
The Shack review - accuses The Shack of universalism
A response to some of the heretical accusations is here by Wayne Jacobsen
Interview with Young
Saturday, 5 July 2008
Here are a list of my NT hard copy (ie books) commentaries - I've been sorting my bookshelves. I've not included the commentaries on the whole Bible. There are some glaring omissions - wot no pastorals?!
I wonder what the list says about me?
If money were no object - if only! What recommendations would you make?
Wright (SPCK …for Everyone)
Sanday and Headlam
Hodge (& 2 Cor)
Grayston (with Philipians)
Calvin (with Eph, Phil & Col)
Colossians & Philemon
1 & 2 Thessalonians
1 & 2 Timothy
None for the above
None for the above
• To hear what the Bible has to say about work
• To start to develop a Christian view of work; and
• To help each other to become more Christian in our work
Points to consider
1. Why do we work?
2. Is God concerned about our work?
3. Which of the following are work and which are not? Why?
Cleaning the bathroom
Surfing the Internet
4. Are there any jobs more important than others?
5. Are there any jobs more ‘spiritual’ than others?
What does imaging God involve?
What effect did the fall have upon work?
Has the fall removed the privilege of work?
What help can we expect from God in our work?
2 Thess 3:10
Are there any jobs that a man/ woman can do that a woman/ man cannot
Will we work on the new earth?
Will there be any jobs we won’t need on the new earth?
Final points to consider
1. Are there any jobs a Christian should not do?
2. Should we be fulfilled in our work? If we are not what can we do about it?
3. How can we be more Christian in our work?
4. How can we support each other in our respective work?