Here Kuyper raises four important questions:
- Is religion for humanity's sake or God's?
- Does religion operate directly or indirectly?
- Is it partial or universal?
- Is it abnormal or normal?
In the case of Calvinism, for Kuyper, religion is for God's sake; it operates directly from the heart and not via intermediaries such as priests or a church; religion is to do with our whole existence; and it is soteriological in character - we need regeneration and revelation.