An accidental blog

"If God is sovereign, then his lordship must extend over all of life, and it cannot be restricted to the walls of the church or within the Christian orbit." Abraham Kuyper Common Grace 1.1.

Thursday, 21 June 2018

Hendrik Gerhardus Stoker's Conscience newly translated

Hendrik Gerhardus Stoker's PhD has been translated into English by Philip Blosser and is now available:

Full details here:

Conscience: Phenomena and Theories was first published in German in 1925 as a dissertation by Hendrik G. Stoker under the title Das Gewissen: Erscheinungsformen und Theorien. It was received with acclaim by philosophers at the time, including Stoker’s dissertation mentor Max Scheler, Martin Heidegger, and Herbert Spielberg, as quite possibly the single most comprehensive philosophical treatment of conscience and as a major contribution in the phenomenological tradition.
Stoker’s study offers a detailed historical survey of the concept of conscience from ancient times through the Middle Ages up to more modern thinkers, including Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Freud, and Cardinal Newman. Stoker analyzes not only the concept of conscience in academic theory but also various types of theories of conscience. His work offers insightful discussions of problems and theories related to the genesis, reliability, and validity of conscience. In particular, Stoker analyzes the moral, spiritual, and psychological phenomena connected with bad conscience, which in turn illuminate the concept of conscience.
The book is deeply informed by the traditions of western Christianity. Available for the first time in an accessible English translation, with an introduction by its translator and editor, Philip E. Blosser, it promises to be of interest to philosophers, especially in Christian philosophy and phenomenology, and also to all those interested in moral and religious psychology, ethics, religion, and theology.

Tuesday, 19 June 2018

Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer (1801-1876)

There has been a resurgence of interest in Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer (1801-1876) of late.

A new book has recently been published - a translation of by Harman Boersema:
Smitskamp, H. 2018. Building a Nation on Rock or Sand: Groen Van Prinsterer for Today. Ontario: Guardian Books

Also is the recent biography
Gerrit J. Schutte 2016 Groen van Prinsterer: His Life and Work. Translated by Harry Van Dyke. Neerlandia, Alberta: Inheritance Puiblications.

There is a short YouTube trailier:

Also there is this:

Schlebusch, Jan Adriaan 2018. Strategic Narratives Groen van Prinsterer as Nineteenth-Century Statesman-Historian PhD thesis. University of Groningen.

Available online:

Sunday, 3 June 2018

Recent #kuyperania

Bräutigam, Michael 2018. Protestant European politics yesterday and today: The example of Adolf Schlatter, Adolf Stoecker and Abraham KuyperEuropean Journal of Theology 27(1):43-54.

Abstract: Abraham Kuyper (1837-1920) and Adolf Schlatter (1852-1936) were both in touch with Adolf Stoecker, 1835-1909} at the end of the nineteenth century. Their interaction with the German Lutheran politician and party-founder is fascinating in many respects. In this essay. I compare Reformed and Lutheran approaches to politics using the example of the interaction between Kuyper, Schlatter and Stoecker. This historical case study offers much food for thought as we today seek to deal with the growing support for right-wing parties in Europe, and as we intend to offer a theologically balanced approach to Christian engagement in the realm of politics.

Hiemstra, John 2018. What did Kuyper really say? Christian Courier  28 May
John Hiemstra explains this article: 'Should churches speak out on key political issues? Or should they simply focus on churchly tasks? My denomination, the Christian Reformed Church, is discussing this hot topic, partly due to the election of President Trump, in its annual Synod. The two "overtures" to Synod, opposing public engagement by our church, both use the 19th century theologian, Abraham Kuyper's principle of sphere sovereignty to argue against churches engaging public issues. I argue, in this CC article, that they have seriously misunderstood Kuyper's thinking on sphere sovereignty.'
Schaap, James C. 2018.  Square inches and Project Blitz. Stuff in the Basement blog
Looks at the Christian Right's Blitz project and the misappropriation of Kuyper's square inch quote.
Dagley, Logan,  Greeson, Dennis and  Ng, Matthew 2018. Review of five of the recent translations in the Kuyper Translation Project. Themelios 43(1):147-150.

Wagenman, Mike 2018. Review of: Contours of the Kuyperian Tradition: A Systematic Introduction by Craig Bartholomew  Themelios 43(1):160-
Wagenman concludes: Those new to Kuyper or the Kuyperian tradition may find themselves struggling to fully appreciate the explosive power of Kuyper’s thought for life and ministry today. As Bartholomew notes repeatedly, specific retrieval and application of Kuyper’s thought for today is still needed. Therefore, those looking for practical or application-oriented treatments of Kuyper’s thought will need to consult the notes or postscript for other resources within the Kuyperian tradition. This is not a fault of Bartholomew’s work but a sign of the rich resources that remain to be unearthed from this prolific public theologian. But Bartholomew’s grasp and presentation of Kuyper’s daunting genius is inspiring and full of the joy of working in the fields of the Lord.

Thursday, 31 May 2018

Bruce Ashford's Letters to An American Christian (B&H Publishing )- maps of Christian politics

I've recently started to read Bruce Riley Ashford's new book Letters to an American Christian. (My thanks to B&H Publishing group for a review copy.)

So far, I've read part 1 dealing with a Christian approach to politics. It really is very good - and not just because he mentions Kuyper! Below I've posted some maps of the first 6 chapters that comprise Part 1.

The outline of part 1:

Chapter 1:

Chapter 2:
Chapter 3:

Chapter 4:

Chapter 5:

Chapter 6:

Chapter 7:

Wednesday, 23 May 2018

A History of British Calvinism - a knowledge organiser part 4

Nineteenth century 1804 British and Foreign Bible Society founded
  1806 Burghurs split in Auld and New Lichts Abraham Booth (1734-1806)
  1807 John Newton (1725-1807)
  1807 Aged Pilgrims’ Friendly Society founded
  1813 William Huntingdon (1745-1813)
  1814 John Sutcliff (1752-1814)
  1814 Andrew Fuller (1782-1815)
  1815 United Secession Church Established by union of New Licht Burghers and Anti-Burghers Thomas Haweis (1734-1820)
  George IV (1820 – 1830) 1820
  1822 Auld Lichts rejoin the Church of Scotland
  1823 William Ward (1769-1823)
  1824 Gospel Tract Society founded
  1825 John Rippon (1751-1825)
  1827 Robert Hawker (1753-1827)
  1829 Roman Catholic Emancipation Act
  George IV (1830 – 1837) 1830
  1831 Trinitarian Bible Society founded
  1832 Joseph Kinghorn (1766-1832)
  1833 Gospel Herald magazine founded
  1834 William Carey (1761-1834)
  1834 Joseph Ivimey (1773-1834)
  1835 Gospel Standard Magazine founded
  1836 Charles Simeon (1759-1836)
  Victoria (1837 – 1901) 1837 William Steadman (1764-1837)
  1837 Joshua Marshman (1768-1837)
  1838 William Rushton (1796-1838)
  1838 Christmas Evans (1766-1838)
  John Elias (1774-1841)
  1840 William Nunn (1786-1840)
  1842 Robert Haldane (1764-1842)
  1844 Formation of the Free Church of England William Gadsby (1773-1844)
  1844 Alexander Carson (1776-1844)
  1845 William Knibb (1803-1845)
  1845 The Protestant Alliance founded founded 
  1845 Earthen Vessel magazine founded
  1847 United Presbyterism Church forms Merger of United Secession Church and Relief Church Thomas Chalmers (1780– 1847)
  1847 John Stevens (1776-1847)
  1850 Scottish Reformation Society founded 
  1850 Free Church of Scotland Formed by one third of Church of Scotland's congregation who embrace evangelicalism and object to patronage system of appointment of ministers
  1851 Scottish Reformation Society founded 
  1852 United Original Secession Church Some members split to join the Free Church of Scotland Joseph Irons (1785-1852)
  1852 Christopher Anderson (1782-1852)
  1861 William Cunningham (1805-1861)
  1862 Andrew Reed (1787-1862)
  1864 William Tiptaft (1803-1864)
  1865 Church Association founded 
  1869 J. C. Philpot (1802-1869)
  1870 John Kershaw (1792-1870)
  1872 James Wells (1803-1872)
  1873 Robert S. Candlish (1806–1873)
  Alexander Duff (1806-1878)
  1878 William McKerrow (1803-1878)
  1889 The Protestant Truth Society founded 
  1892 C H Spurgeon (1834-1892)
  1892 The Bible League Trust founded 
  1892 Bible League Quarterly founded
  1893 Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland formed Split from the Free Church of Scotland
  1897 Christian’s Pathway magazine founded
  1898 Protestant Alliance Magazine founded
  1900 J C Ryle (1816-1900)
  Edward VII (1901 – 1910) 1901
Twentieth century 1906 The National Church League founded 
  George  V (1910 – 1936) 1910 Alexander Maclaren (1826-1910)
  1914 Sovereign Grace Union (SGU) founded 
  1915 First SGU conference
  1917 Peace and Truth magazine founded
  1918 Fellowship of Evangelical Churchmen founded 
  1920 Free Grace Record founded
  1922 Bible Churchmen’s Society founded 
  1924 Henry Wace (1836-1924)
  1927 Free Church of England and Reformed Episcopal Church unite
  1928 Parliamentary defeat of the Revised Prayer Book
  1929 Evangelical Quarterly founded 
  1929 SGU delegates visit the Netherlands
  1930 William Sykes (1861-1930)
  1932 SGU publishes Kuyper's Lectures on Calvinism
  1932 ‘The Reformed Faith: commonly called Calvinism’. 1st International Conference of Calvinists (18th SGU conference)
  1933 Henry Atherton (1875-1933)
  Edward VIII (1936)
  George VI (1936 – 1952) 1936
  1937 James Kidwell Popham (1847-1937)
  1938 4th International Conference of Calvinists held in Edinburgh
  1939 John R. Mackay (1865-1939)
  1943 Donald Maclean (1869-1943)
  1947 Evangelical Quarterly publsihed paper by Dooyeweerd
  1950 The Church Society founded 
  1951 Thomas Houghton (1859-1951)
  Elizabeth II (1952- ) 1952 The Fellowship of Independent Evangelical Churches founded  Arthur W. Pink (1886-1952)
  1952 British Evangelical Council founded 
  1955 Banner of Truth Magazine founded
  1958 International Reformed Bulletin begins publication
  1959 Eternal Truth magazine founded
  1960 Latimer Trust founded 
  1961 4th IARFA Conference in Cambridge
  1963 E.L. Hebden Taylor returns to UK
  1967 The Evangelical Times magazine founded
  1968 6th IARFA Conference in Nottingham
  1970 1st AACS Conference, in Birmingham
  1970 Reformation Today magazine founded
  1970 Grace Magazine founded from merger of Free Grace Record and Gospel Herald 
  1971 2nd AACS conference, Bristol
  1975 CSU Summer School, Derby
  1976 IARFA Conference, Edinburgh
  1977 International Reformed Bulletin edited by David Hanson
  1978 Foundations magazine founded
  1981 IRB ceases publication D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones (1899-1981)
  1982 College House in Cambridge (CHiC) begins
  1989 WYSOCS founded G.N.M. Collins (1901-1989)
  1990 British Reformed Fellowship founded 
  1993 British Reformed Journal magazine founded
  1996 New Focus magazine founded

Tuesday, 22 May 2018

A History of British Calvinism - a knowledge organiser part 3

Splintering Charles II (1660-1685) 1660 Restoration of the monarchy
1661 Samuel Rutherford (1600-1661)
1662 Act of Uniformity Isaac Ambrose (1604-1662)
1662 Great Ejection
1665 Five Mile Act Expelled clergy couldn't minister with 5 miles of parish
1666 Edmund Calamy (1600-1666)
1668 Joseph Alleine (1634-1668)
1668 John Spilsbury (c.1593-1668)
1669 John Trapp (1601-1669)
1670 John Davenport (1597-1670)
1671 William Bridge (1600-1671)
1672 Declaration of indulgences Extend religiuous liberty to RC & non-C
1673 Parliament Test Acts Public servants had to denounce RC and be communicant members of the CoE Joseph Caryl (1602-1673)
1673 Parliament Test Act withdrawn
1674 John Milton (1608-1674)
1675 John Lightfoot (1602-1675)
1676 Edward Reynolds (1599-1676)
1677 Thomas Manton (1620-1677)
1679 William Gurnall (1617-1679)
1679 Matthew Poole (1624-1679)
1679 William Gurnall (1616–1679)
1680 Thomas Goodwin (1600-1680)
1680 Thomas Brooks (1608-1680)
1680 Stephen Charnock (1628-1680)
1683 John Owen (1616-1683)
1686 Thomas Watson (c. 1620-1686)
James II (1685-1688)
1686 David Clarkson (1622-1686)
1688 John Bunyan (1628-1688)
1689 Toleration Act
William II and Mary
1690 Church of Scotland adopts Presbyterianism
1691 Richard Baxter (1615-1691)
1691 John Flavel (1630-1691)
1701 Hanserd Knollys (1599-1691)
1701 William Kiffin (1616-1701)
Anne (1702-1714)
1704 Benjamin Keach (1640-1704)
1705 John Howe (1630-1705)
1712 Isaac Chauncy (1632-1712)
George I (1714 -1727) 1714 Matthew Henry (1662-1714)
1716 Robert Traill (1642-1716)
1716 Daniel Williams (1643-1716)
1718 Republication of The Marrow of Modern Divinity
1721 John Skepp (1675-1721)
1726 Joseph Hussey (1660-1726)
George II (1727 – 1760) 1727
1733 Original Secession Church known as Associate Presbytery Established in objection to the existing method of minister appointments
1747 Associate Presbytery spilts into Burghers and Anti-Burghers Anti-Burghers wanted a greater separation of church and state
1751 Philip Doddridge (1702–1751)
George III (1760 – 1820)
1761 Relief Church secedes from Church of Scotland Established in further objections to patronage system
1763 William Grimshaw (1708-1763)
1763 John Berridge (1716−1793)
1765 John Brine (1703-1765)
1765 Anne Dutton (1692-1765)
1768 Trevecca College opens
1770 George Whitefield (1714-1770)
1771 John Gill (1697-1771)
1773 Howell Harris (1714-1773)
1778 First Roman Catholic Releif Act Augustus Toplady (1740-1778)
1778 Anne Steele (1717-1778)
1782 Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion Chapels become dissenting
1790 Daniel Rowland (1713-1790)
1791 Selina, Countess of Huntingdon (1707-1791)
1791 Robert Hall Sr (1728-1791)
1791 Caleb Evans (1737-1791)
1795 John Collett Ryland (1723-1792)
1795 Orange Order founded William Romaine (1714-1795)
1795 Benjamin Beddome (1717-1795)
1798 The Burghers and Anti-Burghurs split into Auld and New Lichts
1799 Samuel Pearce (1766-1799)
1799 Samuel Medley (1738-1799)
1799 Benjamin Francis (1734-1799)

Monday, 21 May 2018

A history of British Calvinism - knowledge organiser part 2

Suffering Mary I (1553-1558) 1555 Latimer and Ridley burnt for heresy Nicholas Ridley (1500-1555)
  1555 John Bradford (1510-1555)
  1555 Hugh Latimer (1487-1555)
  1556 Reginald Pole ABp of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer (1489-1556)
Settlement Elizabeth I (1558-1603) 1558 Marian exiles return John Hooper (c.1495-1555)
  1558 Walter Mylin martyred in St Andrews
  1559 ABp of Canterbury Mathew Parker
  1559 Act of Supremacy Elizabeth I supreme governor of the coE
  1559 John Knox returns to Scotland from Geneva
  1559 University of Geneva founded
  1560 Geneva Bible published
  John Calvin dies in Geneva
  1569 Cartwright appointed Lady Margaret professor, Cambridge  Miles Coverdale (1488-1569)
  1572 John Knox (1514-1572)
  1575 Matthew Parker (1504-1575)
  1576 ABp of Canterbury Edmund Grindal Edward Dering (c.1540-1576)
  1577 Richard Sibbes (1577-1635)
  1579 William Whittingham (1524-1579)
  1580 Rise of Puritanism
  1582 Robert Brown publishes books
  1583 ABp Canterbury John Whitgift Edmund Grindal (1519-1583)
  1588 John Field (1545-1588)
  1593 Law that required all to attend parish church John Greenwood (c. 1550-1593)
  1593 Henry Barrowe (c 1550-1593)
  1602 William Perkins (1558-1602)
  James I (1603-1625) 1603 Millenary Petition to King James I Thomas Cartwright (1535-1603)
  1604 Richard Bancroft ABp Canterbury
  1604 Hampton Court Conference Initiation of KJV
  1607 John Rainolds (1549-1607)
  1611 KJV of the Bible published
  1617 Paul Baynes (c.1560-1617)
  1622 Andrew Melville (1545–1622)
  1624 Henry Jacob (1563-1624)
  Charles I (1625-1649) 1625
  1628 John Preston (1587-1628)
  1629 Dissolution of parliament
  1634 John Forbes (1568-1634)
  1635 Walter Travers (c. 1548–1635)
  1638 Joseph Mede (1586-1638)
  1640 Lawrence Chaderton (1536-1640)
  1641 John Ball (1585-1640)
  1643 Westmister Assemby Tobias Crisp (1600-1643)
  1644 First London Baptist Confession of faith John Forbes (1593-1644)
  1645 Creation of New Model army
  1646 William Twisse (1578-1646)
  1646 John Davenant (1576-1641)
  1646 Jeremiah Burroughes (1599-1646)
  1649 Execution of Charles I - Britian becomes a republic
  Interegnum: Oliver Cromwell (1653-1658) 1653 William Gouge (1578-1653)
  1654 Thomas Gataker (1574-1654)
  1654 Thomas Adams (1612-1653)
  1654 Samuel Bolton (1606-1654)
  1656 Joseph Hall (1574-1656)
  1656 James Ussher (1581-1656)
  1656 Edward Fisher (1627-1656)
  Richard Cromwell (1658-1659) 1658 Savoy Declartation of Church and Order
  1659 Protectorate dissolved